Document Type : Original Article


1 Thal University Bhakkar, Punjab, Pakistan

2 Thal University Bhakkar

3 Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering & Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan 64200, Pakistan.


In the last few decades, nanomaterials have found widespread application in a variety of industries, including electronics, building, food processing, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and aviation. These nanoparticles could enhance medical therapy, diagnostics, and preventive methods. These days, drug delivery and cellular imaging are two applications of benzonoid systems in biotechnology and medicine. Non-kekulean benzoid hydrocarbons offer a great way to evaluate the structural characteristics of their series due to their regular structures. This work involves the computation of several degree-based topological indices that are helpful in figuring out how reactive the associated molecules are. In particular, we found these calculations to be helpful in examining the thermodynamic parameter entropy, which could be important for successfully reworking the structure of non-kekulean benzoid hydrocarbons.